A number of organizations and institutions in the United States have recognized that people with “invisible disabilities,” such as developmental or mental health disabilities, often face particular barriers when they encounter the criminal justice system. For example, a position statement published by The Arc of the United States says, “People with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities… Continue reading Individuals with Mental Health, Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and the Criminal Justice System
Los derechos de las personas con discapacidad en Guatemala representan una asignatura pendiente, tanto para el Organismo Ejecutivo (encargado de la administración pública) como para el Congreso de la República (desde su función legislativa), lo anterior dado que la corriente de equiparación en derechos humanos de las personas con discapacidad en su legislación vigente aún… Continue reading Cómo se ganó el primer caso guatemalteco de los derechos de las personas con discapacidad
History of Guatemala and the CRPD Guatemala ratified the CRPD and Optional Protocol in April 2009. Guatemala’s disability law is from 1996 and therefore predates the country’s ratification of the CRPD. As of March 2017, Guatemala is in the process of finalizing a new law on disability which will replace the 1996 Law on the… Continue reading Guatemala and the CRPD
Guatemala has only one major national law that addresses the rights of people with disabilities. The Law for the Integral Attention to People with Disabilities–Decree No. 135-96–was enacted in 1996. As of February 2017, draft bill 5127 was approved during its third hearing in Guatemalan Congress. Law 5125 is pending final approval of articles.
Peru and the history of the CRPD Peru was the first Latin American country to ratify the CRPD, which it did in December 2007. Peru was the 15th country to ratify the CRPD and the 9th country to ratify the accompanying Optional Protocol. A DPO coalition in Peru, led by CONFENADIP (the National Confederation on… Continue reading Peru and the CRPD
These laws were passed in Peru between 2002 and 2012. They are provided in Spanish, and English where available. The language of the document is indicated in the file name. The broadest and most up-to-date disability law in Peru is the 2012 Update to the General Law on Persons with Disabilities (Law 29973). The 2012… Continue reading Peru’s National Laws Relating to Disability
What is Section 508? Section 508 is an amendment to the Workforce Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which U.S. President Bill Clinton signed into law in 1998. Section 508 requires that U.S. federal departments and agencies to develop, procure, maintain, or use only electronic and information technology (“EIT”) that is accessible for people with disabilities, unless doing… Continue reading Section 508 of the U.S. Rehabilitation Act of 1973
What is the Marrakesh Treaty? People who are blind or have low vision have ready and equal access to less than 10 percent of all published books. The Marrakesh Treaty, an international copyright treaty that is administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is meant to change this status quo. The Marrakesh Treaty is… Continue reading Marrakesh Treaty
Federal economic support and benefit laws based on disability vary from monetary social security disability income and Medicare healthcare benefits (both of which require individuals to initially qualify by paying into the system for many years through employment wage deductions), to supplemental security income and Medicaid healthcare benefits that are primarily applied for on the… Continue reading Economic Support in the U.S.
There are four key disability nondiscrimination laws that apply to the subject of accessible housing. Two of these laws do not apply only to housing and are covered separately: Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 applies to housing that is built with federal financial assistance or federal funds The Americans with Disabilities Act of… Continue reading U.S. Housing Laws